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Wildlife Tours in India

Rajasthan Tiger Tour
The Wild Adventure
The Lure of Jungle
North East India Wildlife Tour
Wildlife Safari Tour in India
Wildlife Tour in India
Elephant Safari
Corbett Adventure Tour
Bird Watching Tour
North India Fishing Tour
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Coast to Mountain
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South India Wildlife Tour
Jeep Safari Adventure in Uttaranchal
Kerala Wildlife Tour
Rajasthan Wildlife Tour
Luxury India Tiger Tour
Wildlife Adventure Tour
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India Birding Tour Package
Taj and Bird Watching Tour
Bird Paradise Tour
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Wildlife National Parks India

Bandhavgarh National Park
Ranthambore National Park
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Kanha National Park
Sundarbans National Park
Manas National Park
Bandipur National Park
Pench National Park
Sultanpur National Park
Sasangir National Park
Nagarhole National Park
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Wildlife Adventure Sports India
There are plenty of activity options opened for you within the Indian Wild life Sanctuaries and they are not just restricted to watching the animals and birds.
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Home >> Wild Animals in India >> Royal Bengal Tiger

Royal Bengal Tiger

The Royal Bengal tiger, the national animal of India is an incredible sight. With its orange hide marked with dark stripes, its white underbelly, long tail, huge paws and fearsome teeth, the Royal Bengal Tiger of India is justifiably called the "King of the Jungle." It is the largest of the Big Cats. There are several subspecies of Tiger of which the Siberian Tiger is the largest.

Zoological name
Panthera tigris tigris

Range
The Royal Bengal Tiger is found in the wild across India in protected forests, and in Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh and Myanmar.

Estimated population
It is estimated that there are around 3,250 - 4,700 Royal Bengal Tigers in the wild with over 330 in captivity, including zoos and animal parks.

Physical characteristics
Royal Bengal Tigers can have an incredible size ranging in length from under 6 feet to over 9 feet, while the length of its tail can be over 3 feet. Adult male tigers are larger than female tigers. The color of the Royal Bengal Tigers pelt can range from orange to tan with white beneath. The pattern of stripes on a tiger's skin is unique to each tiger. The patterns are used to identify and enumerate tigers based on tiger sightings in wildlife national parks in India. Tigers can shed their short thick fur in summer and it grows in thickness in winter. The Siberian tiger, the largest of the tigers, lives in a snow covered landscape, protected by its thick fur. Tigers have large, padded paws, with retractable claws. The paw print or pugmark of each tiger is also unique and is therefore used for identification and tracking by wildlife officials. Tigers have a large head, big ears and thick whiskers. The strong jaw of the tiger is used to bite the throat or neck of the tiger's prey. Tigers have incredible vision, their sight is enhanced by a reflecting layer behind the retina called the tapetum, whereby light is reflected back onto the retina, enabling tigers to see six times better than humans.

White tigers
All white tigers in captivity in the world today are the descendants of one white tiger, Mohan caught by the Maharaja of Rewa in 1951. A White Tiger is the same as a Royal Bengal Tiger except for a genetic mutation that causes the change in the color of their fur and eyes. White tigers have blue eyes and brownish stripes.

Habitat
Tigers prefer thick grass, dense jungle and undergrowth in which they can hide and wait for their prey. The stripes on the hide of the tiger act as an incredible camouflage and help the tiger conceal itself in tall grass and vegetation. In the dry jungles of wildlife parks in Ranthambore and Sariska in Rajasthan India, tigers are often seen in the ruins of monuments and temples in the park. Tigers unlike other cats, like water and in the hot summer are often seen sitting or lying in pools of water to stay cool and are good swimmers.

Diet
Royal Bengal Tigers are carnivores and hunt for prey. Their prey includes deer, wild buffalo, elephants, wild pigs and cattle in areas of human encroachment. Aged, sick or injured tigers that are unable to hunt swift-footed prey have been known to turn man-eater.

Behavior
Royal Bengal Tigers are usually solitary. Tiger couples have sometimes been seen, however a family group commonly consists of a mother and her cubs that live with her for around 2 years. Male tigers are known to fight over territory. A male tigers territory usually overlaps the territory of more than one tigress. Tigers mark their territory by urinating and spraying scent from a specialized gland. A tigress retires to a den to bear her litter, which usually consists of 2-4 cubs. In the wild, tigers live from 8- 15 years. In zoos, tigers have been recorded as living up to 26 years.

Status
Royal Bengal Tiger is an endangered species. Their numbers were recorded as below 2000 in the 1970's, after which Project Tiger was initiated in India in 1973 in wildlife national parks and sanctuaries of India. There has been a steady increase in the population of tigers in India where they are protected in 27 tiger reserves, wildlife national parks and wildlife sanctuaries. The threat of poaching due to the demand for tiger bones and body parts in traditional Chinese medicine remains a pressing issue. The loss of habitat as well as human population pressure on wildlife reserves in India is another concern.

Project Tiger Wildlife Sanctuaries
Tourists can see the incredible Royal Bengal Tiger in the following Wildlife National Parks on India wildlife tours:

Bandipur-Nagarhole (Karnataka), Corbett (Uttaranchal), Kanha (Madhya Pradesh), Manas (Assam), Melghat(Maharashtra), Palamau (Jharkhand), Ranthambhore (Rajasthan), Similipal (Orissa), Sunderbans (West Bengal), Periyar (Kerala), Sariska (Rajasthan), Buxa (West Bengal),Indravati (Chattisgarh), Nagarjunsagar (Andhra Pradesh), Namdapha (Arunachal Pradesh), Dudhwa-Katerniaghat (Uttar Pradesh), Kalakad-Mundanthurai (Tamil Nadu), Valmiki (Bihar), Pench (Madhya Pradesh-Maharashtra), Tadoba-Andhari (Maharashtra), Bandhavgarh (Madhya Pradesh), Dampha (Mizoram), Bhadra (Karnataka), Pakhui-Nameri (Arunachal Pradesh-Assam), Bori, Satpura, Pachmari (Madhya Pradesh).

Wild Animals in India

Royal Bengal Tiger - Great Indian Rhinoceros - Indian Elephant - Leopard - Asiatic Lion - Barasingha - Gaur (Indian Bison) - Ganges River Dolphin

South India Tours
Wildlife in Kerala


Wildlife in Rajasthan
More Tour Packages India

 
Wildlife Sanctuaries in IndiaWildlife Sanctuaries in India

Wildlife Sanctuaries in India

Bharatpur Wildlife Sanctuary - Corbett National Park & Sanctuary - Sariska Wildlife Sanctuary - Gir National Park & Sanctuary - Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary - Dandeli Wildlife Sanctuary - Thattekad Bird Sanctuary - Kadalundi Bird Sanctuary - Kolleru Bird Sanctuary - Kumarakom Bird Sanctuary - Karnala Bird Sanctuary - Ranganathittu Bird Sanctuary - The Palamau Tiger Reserve

 

India Birding Tour Packages

Rajasthan Wildlife & Birding Tour - Desert & Birding Tour - Golden Triangle Birds Tour
Special Birding Tour with Ornithologist - North-East India Birding Tour
Birding Tour India - Bird Watcher's Heaven

Tiger Tours India

Tigerland Safari - Footprints of Tiger - Essence of India with Tiger Tour
Best of India with Tigers Tour - Tiger Special Tours - Grand Tour of Tigerland
Central India Tours with Tigers

Wildlife Safaris in India
Wildlife Safaris in India

Lion Safari - Jeep Safari
Elephant Safari - Camel Safari


Bengal Tiger


Bengal Tiger

The natural heritage in India is as rich and diverse as the cultural heritage. The wildlife sanctuaries and the national parks here give you an essence of the same. Nestled in this rich land is the Royal Bengal Tiger, the only home to the Royal Tiger Cat.

 
Wild Animals in IndiaWild Animals in India


Wild Animals in India

Royal Bengal Tiger - Great Indian Rhinoceros - Indian Elephant - Leopard - Asiatic Lion - Barasingha - Gaur (Indian Bison) - Ganges River Dolphin

 
Glimpses of India Glimpses of India


Glimpses of India

Indian Forests - Eastern Habitats - Himalayan Wilderness - Southern India Jungles - Wild West India - Wildlife Trails
Wildlife Tours in India - Wildlife National Parks India - Wildlife Sanctuaries in India - Wildlife Safaris in India - Bengal Tiger - Wild Animals in India
India Birding Tour Packages - Tiger Tours India - Glimpses of India

 
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